1- A case of Integrated Management of Natural Resources / Azraq, Jordan

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1- A case of Integrated Management of Natural Resources / Azraq, Jordan

Azraq’s groundwater aquifer is of national importance as it provides water to Amman, in addition to providing water to the local community, Azraq’s refugee camp and to local agriculture. In the early 1990’s mega farming projects and over pumping to meet urban water use needs began to deplete the aquifer.

The project will capitalize on a prior feasibility study for scientific management of Azraq’s water aquifer and the revitalization of salt production as an impetus for a circular economy model of regional development for Azraq.

The major aim of the project focuses on stimulating efficient and multiple use of existing water resources, recycling and reuse of water, as well as recovery of energy and materials from water and wastewater. A Managed Aquifer Recharge scheme is a fundamental part of the project. We will identify the right areas around the Azraq Mudflat to collect the surface water from seasonal streams into dams designed to allow the water to infiltrate to the aquifer in a natural way.

The project will set up small-scale salt production and strengthen viable value chains to demonstrate how the local community can revitalize this local industry. This will prevent the continued degradation of the freshwater body as well as turn the saline aquifer into an economic opportunity for the local community.

Additionally, the project will identify and pilot zero-carbon processes for extracting organic and inorganic raw material from wastewater and develop value chains for their economic exploitation. This will also include identifying and assessing how material recovered in the process of salt production or wastewater treatment can be exploited for energy production.

Finally, the project will explore synergies between agriculture, salt production and wastewater treatment and reuse. The project will demonstrate promising solutions on a small scale to clarify the value to the local community, driving technology acceptance and mentality change.


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2- Organic farming pilot project

The environmental issues in Azraq (one of RAMSARs' site) was affected mainly of groundwater basin over use, which drown down the water table to dried out the springs, which damaged the habitats and the environmental conditions to destroy bio diversity and local people business.
mainly the over pumping is for irrigation use, after all the effort done from national and international organizations and NGOs to restore and re-habitat the wetland we got an idea from our believes in harmony between the mother nature and human, we established a pilot project in Azraq to find a new farming behavior, suitable crops, and different marketing style, to reduce the water consumption and increase the profit.
We are trying our best to prove the success of this project so we switch the whole farming activates to be suitable to the ground water situation and give the basin a chance to recover, and restore itself, the springs, the habitats and then the environment.


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